Cosmetic Periodontal Surgery
Your smile is the first thing someone notices about you. People form their first impressions based on the appearance of your smile. Cosmetic periodontal surgery sculpts the gum line so that it is even and in proportion to the amount of exposed tooth versus gum. This procedure removes the excess gum tissue and exposes more of the tooth crown making your teeth appear longer.
Periodontal (gum) disease
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the gums that starts out as plaque, an opaque film on the teeth that hardens to form tartar. As tartar accumulates, it harbors bacteria that attack the soft tissue around the gums. This is the early stage of gum disease known as Gingivitis. Left untreated, Gingivitis becomes Periodontitis which ultimately destroys the tissue surrounding your teeth AND the bone that holds your teeth in your jaw. Except for bad breath and gums that bleed, there are very few early warning signals. The disease advances silently, often without pain. If left untreated, this process can result in early tooth loss.
Scientific research has discovered a link between gum disease and stroke, heart disease, and diabetes. When your gums become diseased your entire immune system is weakened.
Scaling & Root Planing
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum tissue without associated bone loss. Gingivitis is a reversible condition and can be treated by an improvement in home care in conjunction with having a hygienist scale and polish your teeth. If gingivitis is left untreated, the condition will progress and begin to destroy the bone surrounding your teeth. This process produces pockets that harbor bacteria that further destroy your bone. Scaling and root planing is a procedure that is performed by the hygienist in which they clean the roots of your teeth below the level of the gum line. This helps to rid the pockets of the bacteria and to halt any further bone loss.
Soft Tissue Graft
A soft tissue graft is used when there has been a significant amount of gum recession in a particular area. Slight gum recession can usually be fixed with a few changes to your oral hygiene routine to take better care of your teeth and gums. When the gingiva recedes further it exposes you to greater risk for infection and bacterial penetration. You will likely be more sensitive to hot and cold foods when you have receding gums. If the gums recede enough as to expose the root you can set yourself up for more serious problems. The root is softer than the enamel making it more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque.
To restore proper gum level and functionality a soft tissue graft can be performed. This is done by either removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth, or repositioning healthy gum tissue from adjacent teeth. This procedure is very predictable and has a high success rate. This procedure should be performed before more serious problems develop and periodontal surgery is necessary.